Many of the stories in the Quran come from the Jewish Talmud, the Midrash, and many apocryphal. This was pointed out by Abraham Geiger in 1833, and further documented by another Jewish scholar, Dr. Abraham Katsh, of New York University, in 1954 (The Concise Dictionary of Islam, p. 229; Jomier, The Bible and the Quran — Henry Regency Co., Chicago, 1959, 59ff;Sell, Studies, pp. 163ff.;Guillaume, Islam, p.13).
1. The source of Sura 3:35-37 is the fanciful book called The Protevangelion’s James the Lesser ;
2. The source of Sura 87:19 is the Testament of Abraham ;
3. The source of Sura 27:17-44 is the Second Targum of Esther ;
4. The fantastic tale that God made a man “die for a hundred years” with no ill effects on his food, drink, or donkey was a Jewish fable (Sura 2:259ff.) ;
5. The idea that Moses was resurrected and other material came from the Jewish Talmud (Sura 2:55, 56, 67) ;
6. The story in Sura 5:30,31 can also be found in pre-Islamic works from Pirke Rabbi Eleazer, the Targum of Jonathan ben Uzziah and the Targum of Jerusalem;
7. The tale of Abraham being delivered from Nimrod‘s fire came from the Midrash Rabbah (see Suras 21:51-71; 29:16, 17;37:97,98). It must be also pointed out that Nimrod and Abraham did not live at the same time. Mahamutton was always mixing people together in the quran who did not live at the same time ;
8. The non-biblical details of the visit of the Queen of Sheba (Saba) in Sura 27:20-44 came from the Second Targum of the Book of Esther ;
9. The source of Sura 2:102 is no doubt the Midrash Yalkut( chapter 44) ;
10. The story found in Sura 7:171 of God lifting up Mount Sinai and holding it over the heads of the Jews as a threat to squash them if they rejected the law came from the Jewish book Abodah Sarha ;
11. The story of the making of the golden calf in the wilderness, in which the image jumped out of the fire fully formed and actually mooed (Suras 7:148; 20:88), came from Pirke Rabbi Eleazer ;
12. The seven heavens and hells described in the Quran came from the Zohar and the Hagigah ;
13. Mahamutton utilized the Testament of Abraham to teach that a scale or balance will be used on the day of judgment to weigh good and bad deeds in order to determine whether one goes to heaven or hell (Suras 42:17;101:6-9) ;
The problem lies in how bad a theologian Mahamutton actually was. He was such a poor theologian that he actually believed the Jewish Talmud was the Old Testament, and that various Gnostic texts current in Arabia at the time were the various books of the New Testament. Once one recognizes how poor a theologian Mahamutton actually was, then any confusion early Muslims had over Jews and Christians “corrupting” their respective sacred books becomes clearer.
Quran 5:32 was copied from the Mishnah Sanhedrin, 4:5. “The bloods of your brother scream out!” (Genesis 4:10) – the verse does not say blood of your brother, but bloods of your brother, because it was his blood and also the blood of his future offspring [screaming out]! “It was for this reason that man was first created as one person [Adam], to teach you that anyone who destroys a life is considered by Scripture to have destroyed an entire world; and anyone who saves a life is as if he saved an entire world.”
(The Mishnah is a Jewish commentary on the Torah). How did a Rabbi’s commentary make its way into the Quran and be quoted as word from Allah of Islam? Simple, Muhammad had heard these teachings from the Jews, and repeated them later as he recited ‘revelation’.